What to know about the 2023 Elections

Get informed on the role of citizens in the electoral process from the voting process to grassroots organizing to capacity building and citizen advocacy.

Elections are a very important cornerstone of democracies, and an opportunity for citizens to directly choose who governs them for a defined period. This means that elections have a direct impact on the quality of governance, and the 2023 elections in particular will shape the future of Nigeria for years to come.

As a voter, it is important for you to participate because your vote can determine, not just the outcome of the elections, but also the direction in which the country goes.

  • Presidential, Senate, and House of Representatives Elections: 25 February 2023.
    These include offices into the office of the President, 109 senate seats, and 360 House of Representative seats.
  • State Governorship and State House of Assembly Elections: 11 March 2023.
    These include 28 governorship seats and 993 state houses of assembly seats.
The 2023 elections shall be held in 176,846 polling units across the country. These polling units are structured to make it easy for you to access and cast your vote. You can only vote in the polling unit that you are registered in. Your polling unit is indicated on your Permanent Voters’ Card. But you can also visit Polling Units – INEC Nigeria to locate your polling unit.

There are a total of 15,336 candidates for the one Presidential, 28 governorship elections, 469 legislative seats in the National Assembly, and 993 legislative seats in the State Houses of Assembly. These candidates have been nominated across all 18 existing political parties.

You can find the list of these candidates on the website of the Independent National Electoral Commission by clicking these links:

List of Candidates for the Presidential and National Assembly Elections

List of Candidates for the Governorship and State Houses of Assembly Elections

We encourage you to get acquainted with the candidates for offices where you are registered to vote. In addition, you will need to familiarise yourself with the logos of the political parties, as the logos are what will be displayed on the ballot paper when you will vote. This will enable you to make informed choices on who to vote for in the elections.

We have also compiled a list of young candidates under the age of 35 that are running in the elections.

You can access the list here.

Citizens Participation: The election process is designed to allow for your participation from the pre-election period, election day, and post-election period. This participation includes how to register for your PVC, make claims and objections to the voters’ register so that you can correct your details, and how to vote, amongst others.

However, your ability to participate effectively in the election process is dependent on how knowledgeable you are about the election process. This is why we have made a series of short videos, where each video will educate you on an aspect of the election in five minutes or less.

Your PVC is the legal document that allows you to be able to cast your vote on Election Day. Without your PVC, you will not be able to vote in the elections.

This is why you need to collect and keep your PVC safe and ready for Election Day.

If you have registered to vote but have not yet collected your PVC, here is how you can do it:

  • Visit the INEC office in the local government area to vote and collect your PVC and ensure you carry along your registration slip. Here is the list and addresses of INEC offices in the 774 local government areas across Nigeria. PVC collection will be ongoing at INEC LGA offices nationwide till January 22nd, 2023; and at the 8809 wards nationwide from January 6th to January 15th.
  • You can also send an SMS to 09062830860 or 09062830861 to find out the address of the INEC office in your local government area or area council.
The following is a list of simple procedures you are expected to go through in order to vote on Election Day.
  • Arrive at your polling unit before voting commences. Voting will commence at 9 am on election days, and it is advisable that you arrive early to enable you to vote in time.
  • Accreditation will be done to ensure that the information on your card matches the information that pops up when your biometrics are taken.
    You will be given the ballot paper to enter a booth and cast your vote.
  • After you have done this, you will deposit your marked ballot paper in the ballot box.
  • After everyone in the queue has voted, the votes will be sorted and counted in full view of everyone, and the result sheet will be uploaded on the IREV portal.
  • Citizens can now go home and observe the result collation on Channels TV during the live coverage of the Elections Results Analysis Dashboard (ERAD).
  • At the end of the nationwide collation, results will be declared and the winner announced.

A critical aspect of your participation in the election process is performing oversight to ensure that the elections are free, fair, credible, and acceptable. Yiaga Africa is deploying the largest citizen election observer movement through its Watching the Voting Initiative across all 774 local government areas of Nigeria. These observers are reporting on the pre-election environment to provide accurate information on the process, promote citizens’ engagement and participation, build early warning systems, and provide recommendations to promote transparency and credibility in the 2023 General Elections. The Watching the Vote Initiative will also be deploying the Parallel Voter Tabulated (PVT) methodology in a sample of polling units in every local government area across the country to assess the accreditation and voting process while verifying the accuracy of the final election results.

Follow Watching the Vote Here


In the 2023 elections, INEC will be deploying technology to electronically transmit results from every polling unit to its INEC Results Viewing (iREV) portal. This allows citizens to monitor the results from the polling-unit level and the collation of results for accuracy.

The electronic transmission of results which is enshrined in the Electoral Act 2022 was used by INEC in the Ekiti and Osun governorship elections of July and August 2022 respectively. We encourage citizens to sign up for the iREV portal which will grant them access to view the results on Election Day.

Yiaga Africa will be deploying its Election Results Analysis Dashboard (ERAD) which will analyze the polling-unit level results from the iREV portal and display them in near real-time. The ERAD was deployed during the Ekiti and Osun governorship elections of July and August 2022 respectively.

View the ERAD Here