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A Gender Review of the 2018 Budget
This report presents a gender review of Nigeria’s 2018 Federal Budget. It examines the current
administration’s commitment to economic consolidation from a prism of inclusiveness and shared growth.
The report focuses on an assessment of key selected sector capital allocations and their potential to
diffuse the benefits of growth as well as promote sustained progress in living standards. It also contains
includes a set of proposed gender inclusive indicators for promoting gender justice in the budgetary
The term ‘gender’ refers to the socially accepted constructions of what it means to be male or female in a
particular society based on customary, traditional, social and religious beliefs . When these constructions
limit access, opportunities and choices, as they sometimes do, then the need arises to renegotiate them
and in some cases, take deliberate policy and practice steps to reverse the inequities which they facilitate.
Gender responsive budgeting (GRB) is one of such steps. It involves the allocation of government budgets
for programmes and interventions that address identified gender gaps within specific sectors.
Gender responsive budgeting is an approach to budgeting that seeks to address the limitations which
either gender face when it comes to accessing public goods and services. Usually these limitations are
identified based on country level data which confirm gender – specific disparities in access and
opportunities. The ultimate goal of such an approach is to expand choices and opportunities for these
demographic groups, thereby improving their relative well – being, their economic capacity and
consequently their contributions to national development.
Men and women experience poverty differently and are constrained differently with respect to accessing
public goods and services. As a result of these differences, the dividends of policy interventions are not
necessarily democratic or inclusive. In the absence of a gender responsive budgetary approach, some
citizens will have more limited access to public goods, services and opportunities than others, no matter
how well intentioned the duty bearers who provide these goods and services are. In most countries, data
obtained across sectors indicates that women and girls form higher numbers of those with
disproportionate access and opportunities, which is why the gender discourse generally tends to focus on
|2018 Budget from a gender perspective||Download|