Building Community of Experts: YIAGA Africa Trains Staff on Corruption Models
In line with its commitment in building a community of experts among the organization’s personnel, YIAGA Africa on Thursday 19th April, 2018 held training on models of corruption to build knowledge on the subject and implications to the Nigerian situation. The Training was facilitated by Project Manager of the Strengthening citizens Resistance Against Prevalence of Corruption (SCRAP- C) project, Mr. Newton Otsemaye.
During the training which had staff from various departments cutting across Accountability and Social Justice, Elections, Youths and Legislative engagement, Mr Otsemaye revealed the models of corruption which includes Principal-Agent and Collective Model Theory.
According to Otsemaye, the Principal- Agent Model of corruption, a principal agent theory problem exist when one party to a relationship (the principal) requires a service of another party (the agent) but the principal lacks the necessary information to monitor the agent performance in an effective way.
“What this theory is saying is that you must monitor every step being taken as corruption occurs when a principal is unable to monitor an agent effectively and the agent betrays the principal’s interest in the pursuit of his/her own self-interest”, he said
He said, “the Principal-Agent Model, assumes that divergence of interest between the principal and the agent with informational asymmetry to the advantage of the agent. In this vein, he advised the need to follow up track and policies in order to hold government representatives accountable”.
The collective model which seems to be the situation in Nigeria according to him is a situation where, corruption is encouraged by everyone alike as they do not necessarily act in the interest of society in general but is after their own self-interest. He further advised that, if collective action can make that evil happen, collective action can also reverse that evil.
He outlined some roles by which citizens can collectively engage in anti-corruption which includes public exposition tractions (PETS), Mobilization, report card and surveys, campaigns, etc.
Speaking after the training, Senior Program Officer, accountability and social justice department Tracy Keshi said, the training was timely as it was important that everyone irrespective of department understood the social dimensions to corruption. According to Mrs Keshi, the training session further buttressed the fact the YIAGA Africa is on course with its Bounce Corruption project, as it is currently doing a lot of programs that focuses on citizens actively and collectively taking ownership of the anti-corruption fight.
Program Officer at the YIAGA Africa Centre for Legislative Engagement, Dafe Oputu also said, “the training was important because we make certain assumptions when we implement our programs, and we’re not always clear on the theories behind those assumptions. When we don’t know the theory it becomes difficult to understand why a particular program is working or not working, or how we can take action to make it more effective.”
According Mr Oputu, ” We can consider if we’re informing the right people or if we’re providing them with information in ways they can understand. Without a good understanding of the theories all we have is action and result and we can’t begin to guess why a certain action is having a certain result.”